What is Nodular Episcleritis?
Episcleritis is a condition in which acute redness is noticed in one or both the eyes. It is an inflammatory disease which is caused in the episclera of the eye. Episclera is the thin layer which is found in between the sclera and conjunctiva layers of the eye.
There are two types of episcleritis. These are simple episcleritis and nodular episcleritis. Simple episcleritis is the condition in which mild inflammation takes place and it is cured quickly too. It is a common condition that appears very frequently. Whereas, nodular episcleritis is a more painful condition which also has the symptoms of soreness on the surface of the eye. This condition affects some part of the eye only.
Symptoms Of Episcleritis:
The symptoms of this condition will include:
- Soreness and pain will be there in the affected area.
- Affected part will turn red and bloodshot.
- Eyes will be filled with water for a long time.
In case, of nodular episcleritis, lumps will be noticed on the white portion (conjunctiva) of the eyes. These lumps can be found moving on the surface of the eyeball.
Causes Of Episcleritis:
The main cause for this condition to appear is not yet known. But this disease is known to affect the cartilage, bones and tendons, and other connective tissues of the body. It can be found as a symptom of any one of the following diseases:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Inflammatory bowel disease like ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
- Some bacterial diseases like syphilis or Lyme disease can also result in this condition.
Treatment Of Episcleritis:
The condition of episcleritis does not need any treatment but for severe cases of nodular episcleritis treatment is required. Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and eye drops can serve the purpose.