Xanthelasma is a condition where cholesterol gets collected beneath the skin. Fat usually gets deposited on and around the eyelids. It is a yellow color patch which when touched, gives a soft feeling. This is neither painful nor harmful and can be removed. Adults are more prone to xanthelasma when compared to children.
Symptoms of Xanthelasma:
- The person affected with xanthelasma does not feel pain, itchiness or any kind of infection.
- This disease doesn’t pose any kind of threat of cancer.
- After a certain time, these patches either enlarge or tend to decrease.
- Sometimes, the person affected with this disease, may find it difficult to shut his eyes completely, as these patches enlarge.
- Sometimes, due to muscle paralysis or even weakness, the upper eyelid droops.
Causes of Xanthelasma:
- Xanthelasma occurs when there is a disorder in lipids in a person’s body.
- Mostly in young people, due to excess lipid content in the blood, xanthelasma can happen.
- Genes can also be responsible for this disease.
Treatment for Xanthelasma:
- In a few cases, xanthelasma disappears without any medications or treatment.
- Liquid nitrogen is used by doctors to dissolve the fat.
- If the reason of the illness is due to increased cholesterol, the doctor may recommend the patient to consume a controlled diet.
- Fatty foods should be avoided so as to decrease the cholesterol levels.
- Medicines can also be prescribed to reduce excess lipids.
- In a few cases, laser therapy can be used to get rid of the patches. Laser therapy may produce side effect like mild pigmentation in the affected area.