What is Epiretinal Membrane?
Epiretinal membrane, also called macular pucker, is a disease affecting the eye due to changes in the vitreous humor. It affects the macula which is a part of the retina. It is with the macula only we are able to see and read.
A layer of scar tissue develops on the surface of the macula leading to epiretinal membrane. This scar tissue then shrinks. As the tissue shrinks or contracts, the retina gets crumpled up.
Causes of Epiretinal Membrane:
The actual cause of epiretinal membrane is unknown but doctors say this defect can be associated with certain eye problems like:
- Some kind of trauma
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Retinal detachment
- Posterior vitreous
Symptoms of Epiretinal Membrane:
There are many symptoms that are noticed in patients affected with epiretinal membrane. Some of them are listed below:
- Disorted or wavy vision
- Blurred vision
- Double vision
Diagnosis of Epiretinal membrane:
The diagnosis of epiretinal membrane is done with ophthalmoscopy. It is an examination of the retina. With the help of a visual acuity test and the Amsler Grid, the patient’s central vision is assessed. Fluorescein angiography is suggested if in case macular swelling is suspected.
Treatment for Epiretinal Membrane:
The treatment for epiretinal membrane is done as mentioned below:
- A process called a membrane peel is carried out when the patient’s vision is affected to a point where it disturbs the patient’s lifestyle.
- This procedure is performed on the patient under local anesthesia. Tiny incisions are made.
- Membrane peel is often carried out in combination with a procedure called a vitrectomy.