What is Eye Herpes Virus?
Eye herpes virus is an eye disorder which is caused by type 1 herpes simplex virus. Eye herpes (also known as ocular herpes) is a viral infection which is quiet common among adults and children. Ocular herpes is known to be transmitted very easily, usually when you come in contact with an already affected person.
According to National Eye Institute (NIE), almost 400,000 Americans have experienced some or the other form of eye herpes virus and there are around 50,000 new and recurring cases of eye herpes every year.
What are the Various Forms of Eye Herpes Virus?
We will discuss few forms of eye herpes virus that can cause a simple infection and in some extreme cases can cause blindness. They are as follows:
This is the most common form of eye herpes and is known to cause an infection to the cornea. Herpes keratitis only affects the top layer (epithelium) of the cornea and usually does not leave behind any scars on it.
This viral eye infection is caused due to delayed immune response. But, by the time immune system react to the infection, the virus would have already spread deep into the corneal layers from the epithelium.
- In this case, there can be corneal scarring, vision loss and in very rare case blindness.
- Although a rare condition, according to the NIE, stromal keratitis is the major cause for corneal scarring leading to blindness among most Americans.
This is a very serious form of this viral infection. This form affects the iris and its surrounding tissues causing inflammation at the sides of the eye.
- Patients suffering from iridocyclitis are known to be photo phobic (sensitive to light). They would suffer form pain and redness which would lead to blurred vision.
- The frontal and the inside portions of the eyes are known to be the most affected part due to this form of virus.
What are the Treatments to Cure Eye Herpes Viral Infection?
Upon observing any signs of swelling, tearing, redness, soreness and irritation of the eye, it is very essential for an eye doctor not to overlook the possibility of viral infections caused by herpes virus.
- If detected with an eye herpes disorder, the location of the infected eye layer is important in order to proceed with further medication and treatment.
- Most eye herpes related problems can be cured by using anti-viral eye drops, ointments and pills.
- Using the ophthalmic gel Zirgan(Virgan in Europe) up to 5 times a day can cure eye ulcers. Keep in mind, not to wear contacts when under medication.
- Sometimes, eye doctors may perform debridement (a cotton swab or spatula is used) to get rid of the dead epithelial cells. Upon which, the doctor may recommend the usage of soft contact lens to heal the cornea.
- Steroids are only to be used under strict prescription and supervision as they are known to affect the immunity in the eye.
- Very rarely surgery is required to rectify the corneal scars which are usually healed with steroids.
Eye herpes virus
is a very common and recurring form of the eye disorder. With sufficient eye care and prevention methods you can not only heal your selves but can even avoid its transmission to other people and kids.