Eye care is extremely vital for people suffering from diabetes because they are at a heightened risk of developing eye problems pertaining to the disease.
Fourteen million Americans suffer from diabetes mellitus. Out of these, 90% are afflicted with non-insulin dependent (Type II) diabetes, and 10% are distressed by insulin-dependent (Type I) diabetes. Insulin-related diabetes generally affects people who are below 30, and necessitates frequent insulin injections for survival. Non-insulin related diabetes is most frequently evident in adults who are overweight to a great extent and generally does not need insulin treatment.
Disturbing a Person’s Vision
- Both kinds of diabetes can disturb a person’s eyesight in varying degrees, the most widespread problem being retinopathy.
- The initial indications of diabetic retinopathy emerge when structural variations occur in the capillaries, thus obstructing the supply of nutrients to the retina.
- The deficiency of nutrients and oxygen to the tissue causes harm to the retina.
- A large number of diabetics have very little, if any, visual indications in the preliminary stages of diabetic retinopathy, and hence it is of utmost importance to undergo frequent, dilated eye checks every year.
- Diabetes can also change the clear tissue protecting the front of the eye.
- Diminished corneal sensation has been observed and inflammation of the corneal tissue can diminish vision, at times considerably in individuals suffering from this ailment.
In general, the chance of cataract is two to four times more in diabetics in contrast to those who are not affected by the ailment. In individuals diagnosed with insulin-dependent (Type I) diabetes, the threat may be 15 to 25 times greater.
In diabetes brief muscle paralysis of segregated muscles in the region of the eye may take place, and is often the preliminary indication of a dormant diabetic condition. An individual with this problem will frequently complain of “seeing double”, and as frustrating as that may be, a provisional cure (such as a patch) is taken recourse to because this condition generally diminishes on its own within a span of one to three months.
The first step in safeguarding your vision from the likely damages of diabetes is a close watch on your blood sugar. It has been observed that keeping a patient’s blood sugar under control is vital in diminishing the rate along with the development of retinopathy. Diet and exercise are also vital constituents in ensuring strict control of your blood sugar.
The second step in protecting your vision is to undergo yearly dilated eye checks with an eye specialist who specializes in such treatment. As has been seen, initial diabetic variations may not result in any visual symptoms; but there is a necessity for it to be carefully observed. Eye specialists are proficient in spotting any initial diabetic alterations in the eye and suggest proper steps to be taken for alleviating the distress caused by these conditions.