Generally referred to as conjunctivitis, pink eye occurs because of the swelling of the conjunctiva. Conjunctiva is the transparent membrane that envelops the white portion of the eye and covers the inner surface of the eyelids. It is a condition that is quite widespread and usually poses no danger to the eye. The swelling can result from a number of reasons, but the most widespread types are infectious, allergic, and irritant.
Infectious pink eye or conjunctivitis is commonly triggered by either bacteria or viruses. A large number of varied kinds of bacteria are responsible for causing conjunctivitis but the most familiar are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, and Staphylococcus aureus. Viral conjunctivitis is linked to a number of viral infections – in the majority of cases with infections attributable to adenoviruses or enteroviruses – and can develop at the time of common cold or the flu. A less rare type but more grave sort of viral conjunctivitis is herpes simplex infection. Parasites and fungal infections rarely trigger pink eye or conjunctivitis.
Allergic pink eye or conjunctivitis takes place with greater frequency among children with allergic conditions. It is generally observed only at specific times of the year, particularly when triggered by allergens like grass or ragweed pollen. It should be kept in mind that although other types of conjunctivitis frequently occur in one eye, allergic pink eye conjunctivitis typically distresses both eyes simultaneously.
Irritant pink eye or conjunctivitis can be brought by chemicals or air pollutants like smoke and fumes.
Pink Eye Symptoms
- Various sorts of pink eye or conjunctivitis can have dissimilar symptoms and can differ from individual to individual.
- One of the most general indications is uneasiness or soreness in the eye.
- A large number of individuals develop redness of the eye as well as the inner eyelid.
- This redness has resulted in people describing conjunctivitis by its other name that is commonly used- pinkeye.
- The affected individual may as well have inflamed eyelids and may also be disturbed by bright light.
- Irritation along with extreme tearing is generally attributed to allergic pink eye conjunctivitis.
All kinds of infectious pink eye or conjunctivitis can be transmitted from one eye to the other merely by touching. An individual can get the infection through direct contact with another person infected by the condition or something that the person has come into contact. The organisms responsible for the infections can also be transmitted by means of coughing and sneezing. However allergic and irritant pink eye or conjunctivitis are not infectious.
Treatment for Pink Eye
- Doctors don’t generally recommend medication for viral pink eye or conjunctivitis since it normally disappears on its own after a brief period.
- Antibiotic eye drops will ease conditions associated with bacterial pink eye or conjunctivitis, while antihistamine allergy pills or eye drops will assist in curbing allergic pink eye or conjunctivitis indications.
- Generally, pink eye or conjunctivitis is not an eye infection that is serious in nature. But at times it can assume a more serious form. It is advisable to seek the help of an eye specialist to avoid unnecessary complications.